Climate Modification and Volcanoes

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Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Ways to Become A Successful Entrepreneur

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Managing once business is not easy, you have to be creative and flexible to become success. Its about create ones life as it is about making a living. It takes time, courage and determination to become a successful entrepreneur. There are a lot of ways to become one of the successful entrepreneur, these ways are proven to some people who achieve their goal. Check if you possess one of them:

Discipline yourself. Adam smith once said, Do what you should do, when you should do it, whether you like it or not. Self discipline is the most important traits to success. You have to be strong in every step that you and this will lead you into some kind of satisfaction.

Have Faith. If you do it very easy, then youre not doing it right. If you do it hard, then you are doing right. Some entrepreneurs suffered failure and defeats, even bankruptcy, yet eagerly stand up to make it big in their fields. If you have faith, nothing can stop you. You must learn to pick yourself up to start all over again. You have to learn some experience that can teach you a lesson which wakes you up from a suffering.

Work Hard. As many success people do, they actually work harder and harder. No one achieves goal just by simply waiting for a chance and sitting in the chair thinking every single day. Working hard will be easy if you have a mission and vision in your life. Erase all temptations that could distract you determination to become success.

Focus on your strength. Each of us has strengths and weaknesses. To be more effective, you have to know your strength and concentrate on it. You will become more successful if you are able to connect your efforts to areas that you do best.

Eagerness to learn. You dont have to be a degree holder or a PhD graduate to succeed in your own business. In fact, there are a lot of entrepreneurs are degree holders. Some didnt finish college. These people reached their full potential achieved their financial and personal goals in business because they are willing to learn. To be successful, you must be willing to ask questions, this will help you to gain more knowledge to some experts. You must be interested to every detail, because that would serve as the new knowledge to reach and fulfill your goal. Willingness to learn is one of the most important in doing business.

Why is Affiliate Marketing Popular with Home Based Business Entrepreneurs

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The great strides made in the development of the Internet in the recent past has enabled information to be transmitted thousands of miles away with such ease and clarity that time and space are hardly of any consequence to the Internet Marketer today.

Marketing Programs have literally taken over the Internet and riding high, is Affiliate Marketing.

According to the Computer Industry Almanac “The world-wide Internet population for 2004 was 934 million and the projection for 2006 is 1.21 billion.”

Sean Michael Kerner in an article in Click Z News quoting a spokesman for eBay states “According to eBay their largest affiliate earned over $1.3 million dollars in January commission, the largest amount yet in their affiliate program’s history. Their top 25 affiliates averaged over $100,000 per month each and the top 100 affiliates earn almost $25,000 each per month.”

With this sort of statistics around, is it any surprise that thousands of entrepreneurs especially those Home Based Business entrepreneurs with very small marketing budgets are jumping on to the Affiliate Marketing band-wagon!

Given below are some of the Popular reasons for this desire and urge to do Affiliate Marketing:

1. Cost Factor: Most Entrepreneurs refrain from starting a brick and mortar business or for that matter a Home Based Business (non internet) because of the investment required. In Affiliate Marketing the set-up cost is negligible with most programs being free to join and the merchant even providing you with the tools, tips and websites.

2. Pick and Choose Products: With dozens of Affiliate Program providers and thousands of merchants having their own affiliate programs, there are several thousands of products to choose from. You name it they have it! In fact there are even Fortune 500 companies to choose from. The idea is to pick and choose your niche products and promote them.

3. No need for an Inventory. The hassle of purchasing, stocking of items and storing of finished items (in a production unit) and dispatching them are not there. There is no need to maintain an inventory. It is all handled by the merchant.

4. No need for Employees. In any business the wages of the employees is one of the major expenditures to contend with. Here the problem does not arise since the marketer himself will operate his home business and probably get the assistance of a family member to help him.

5. Necessity for Customer Service does not arise. Customer service plays a major role in the success or failure of a business. The advantage here is that there is no direct dealing with the customers. The website will automatically direct the customers to the merchants.

6. Two Tier Affiliate Marketing: An attractive feature of certain affiliate programs is that they have a Two tier system, whereby affiliates can sign up as sub-affiliates below them. When the sub-affiliate earns a commission, the affiliate above him too earns a commission.

Icici Bank Sells Terminals Of Card Payment

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ICICI Bank has concluded the sale of its network of electronic point of sales (PoS) terminals that accept Credit Card and Debit Card payments to First Data Corporation (FDC). The bank has hived off its network of over 1.5 lakh electronic swipe machines to a separate company ICICI Merchant Services. First Data has bought an 81% stake in the company which has been valued at a little over $90 million.

When contacted, ICICI Bank refused to comment on the transaction. The bank has, however, communicated to merchants having ICICI Bank terminals that the PoS network has been transferred to ICICI Merchant Services. First Data, along with partner banks, is keen to proliferate payment transactions not just at top retailers but also through small cities or towns in India, said Amrish Rau, country manager, First Data Corporation.

Referring to the transaction with ICICI Bank, Mr Rau said an announcement would be made in due course. Mr Rau, who represents First Data in the country, is likely to head the new payments company. First Data is a US-based company that has been created after banks farmed out their back office processing systems into a separate company. FDC is presently owned by private equity giant KKR.

The Reserve Bank of India has already given clearance for the deal. According to banking sources, the deal value has gone up after RBI said that merchant establishments, including grocery stores and supermarkets, could swipe customer cards and offer them cash.

In addition to unlocking value, ICICI Bank expects that the specialised company will bring down transactions costs and also grow the payment network more efficiently. This is the first time that an Indian bank has hived off its PoS terminal network.

So far it has been foreign banks that have outsourced these functions but their network is of much smaller scale.

ICICI Merchant Services will earn a fee every time a credit cards or debit cards transaction is processed through the point of sale network. The fee is usually borne by the merchant and a large part of it goes to the card issuing bank. This is in lieu of the credit that the issuing bank extends to the cardholder until the end of the billing cycle. A smaller part of the commission goes to the bank owning the PoS terminal (acquiring bank) and smaller portion to the payment company Mastercard or Visa.

Incidentally, State Bank of India has for some time expressed its intention to set up a network of half a million point of sales terminals. To build this network the bank had earlier sought partners. However, the project was shelved as the bank decided to take a more holistic approach of its payments business.

People Making Good Money, They Trade Bitcoins

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Traders make good money doing Bitcoin trading. Recently, Bitcoin was in negative news as one of the online companies that accepted Bitcoin was selling guns and drugs to people and the FBI arrested their owner. However, that does not mean that Bitcoin is over as the FBI still considers that Bitcoin is not illegal. In its charge against Silk Road, FBI claimed that Bitcoin is not illegal and there are not charges against it.

Bitcoin which is generated at a controlled rate using a computer program is becoming a popular trading option among traders. Also, being traded around the world these days for many traders consider it a beneficial tool to make profit like Forex, you can trade Bitcoin and profit from it. Additionally, as there is no governmental interference, you do not worry if it is under the whims and fancies of the governments or rulers.

How Can You Trade Bitcoins?

You need to first contact brokerage firms as there are several brokerage firms that help you trade Bitcoin. They help you make money investing in Bitcoin as most of these brokers are known for providing highly useful trading platform; you can trade without much hassle. Additionally, they help you trade bitcoins like you trade any other asset like currency paiies and help you make money.

Why is Bitcoin a Lucrative Asset?

In the last couple of years Bitcoin has become one of the most popular trading options for traders. This year in the beginning it went higher up, and was trading close to 250USD per Bitcoin; from this fact, you can understand how much potential it has for traders. Moreover, Bitcoins are safe and secure as these are a cryptographic digital currency, there is a lot of privacy and that is what attracts traders.

Additionally, as Bitcoins are generated at a controlled rate using a computer program, even you can make them and save them in your hard disc; however, that needs a lot of expertise and skills required for Bitcoin mining. Nonetheless, the best thing for you if you do not want to do Bitcoin mining is that you can purchase Bitcoins in one of two ways i.e. you get them either through an exchange platform, or directly through other people i.e. retailers.

These are often sold by retailers or traders who wish to make money buying them at lower prices and selling them at higher prices like any other currency or share. However, you need to be cautious about all this as there are chances of cheating. Nonetheless, whoever you buy your Bitcoin from, make sure that it is saved or protected as there are a lot of cases where they have been stolen.

Benefits of an Entrepreneur MBA with a Real World Focus

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Schools that focus on the real world aspects of business tend to offer their students certain advantages that they might not be able to get anywhere else, and this might just assist them in becoming the best entrepreneurs that they can be. An entrepreneur MBA might outline some of the most imperative facets of business and instruct students on what they need to know to handle many of the challenges they will face as they enter into the business world, but will it give students the best chances of competing with those that have more experience? In order to have a fighting chance of beating the competition, students need to be taught what the more experienced professionals already know, and so the focus needs to be placed on real world facets of this industry.

1.Deal With Real Problems

Businesses that learn from the mistakes of others tend to struggle less when it comes to finding success, but those that have to find their way through trial and error could end up falling by the wayside at any point. A school that teaches students how to deal with the challenges that are constantly arising within the world of business is usually one that provides them with the tools that they need to succeed.

2.Shape New and Creative Business Models

The professional world has altered the traditional business model over and over again, and what used to work well is now outdated. One of the exciting facets of this business is the fact that individuals from all spheres can contribute to new developments; all it takes is some creativity and the willingness to learn from what others have accomplished.

3.Keep Up With The Evolution Of Business

Due to the constant evolution of this industry, it is imperative that professionals who are choosing to enter into this field understand the need to keep up with the pace. The world of business is fiercely competitive, and the right entrepreneur MBA can show a student how to go about giving themselves the best chances of turning their dreams into a reality, even when faced with so many challenges. From the moment a student becomes a graduate, they will need to begin dealing with the realities of the professional world, and this is precisely why it is beneficial to sign up for a course that focuses on these facets of any industry where business plays a key role.

For more information with Entrepreneur MBA, please visit us on our website.

An Exchange Server Alternative For Small Business

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For the business user, the main advantages to working in a company that has an exchange server are:

1. File sharing
2. Access to email from any configured computer
3. Contacts access
4. calendar syncrhonized and shared between all employees

Essentially it means the office worker can use any configured computer to access his or her files, emails and calendar. The company will often configure a laptop and provide remote access so the member of staff can also work from home or while travelling and still have complete access.

The problem with this kind of product when it comes to a small or mid sized company, is that it requires someone to manage it and there is a huge cost, in terms of both initial cost and ongoing expenses.

So if you manage a small business and you want your employees to have a high level of flexibility i.e. to be able to telework or while travelling, or even to hotdesk at the office, you will need an exchange substitute.

There are two alternatives which will offer you many of the features of Exchange without the expenditure.

The first is a hosted exchange server. The second is the Easy-Email synchronization solution plus file synchronization software.

A Hosted Exchange server is a great solution. You get almost all the advantages but you are spared the resource cost and management time. You simply pay according to the number of users. This allows for quick expansion so as the business grows you just increase a user.

Easy-Email is a fabulous alternative for small firms.
Its an email sync answer set out in the form of a series of guides that you, or an IT professional you hire, can follow. It will sync a users mail and contacts on their desktop, laptop, home computer, pda or netbook. In addition it will allow them to manage their email from any other computer via Gmail.

The Easy-Email solution is incredibly good value compared to any other alternative solutions It’s just $67 US for the Advanced Guide to Outlook and you can get all of your staff set up for this fee!
The disadvantage in comparison with exchange is that there is at present no shared calendar so you will need to use a google calendar or similar.

And in terms of shared files and folders its really simple. Set up Dropbox. Dropbox provides you with a system of shared folders that are all automatically sync’d via the internet but they are also stored on the computer so you dont have to be online to access the files. You can select which people have access to which folders and the first 2GB of storage space is free (and it’s very reasonable after that).

Understanding What A Bank REO Property Is

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Have you ever wondered why and how a property is called a bank reo property? REO actually stands for real-estate-owned and is used to designate properties that have reverted to the banks or lenders ownership. A borrower could have defaulted on his loan, causing a foreclosure action to be filed against him by the bank.

Usually, a notice is given to the defaulting borrower so he could have ample time to make current his account. However, if he fails to pay within the specified period, then the property will be the sold by the bank at a foreclosure auction.

Financial Opportunities

In the real estate market, a bank reo property is regarded as one of the safest investments that a buyer can have. This is because the bank typically takes care of all the liens, debts and obligations attached to the property before it turns it over to the new owner. But before a property becomes a bank reo property, it goes through an auction.

An auction is a public sale where foreclosure properties are sold to interested buyers. The goal is to recover money owed on the property. But not every property offered in an auction is actually sold. Those which fail to get any successful bid revert to the lenders ownership as an REO property.

But since a bank is not really engaged in the business of selling real estate, it has an REO department which takes care of their bank owned properties. It is common notion in the industry that banks always aim for a quick sale in order to reduce the number of non-performing assets in their inventory.

A large inventory of property is actually undesirable for a bank. This is because a huge number of properties in their yard can only cost them money in terms of their maintenance, taxes and repairs. Selling them would literally transfer these obligations to the new owner, thus, the desire for a quick sale.

This is the main reason why many investors prefer a bank reo property over any other property in the foreclosure market. They know that they can negotiate for its price, and even some repairs on the property. If you can master the art of negotiating for a bank owned property, then you can get a good bargain for yourself.

Essential Points To Keep In Mind While Preparing For Bank As Well As Ibps Recruitment 2013

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In a bank job, a person needs to deal with transaction of large amounts of money, which does not belong to him, so the person needs to have qualities like honesty and sincerity. A candidate who wants to get recruited in banks should be good with mathematics, should have sound knowledge about computers, be adaptive to different challenges and environments and should always be ready to put extra efforts on demand. This just doesnt mean that you would have to stay back in the bank for the whole night or something. Its about maintaining a perfect balance between your personal life, family and work.

Most banks look for efficient candidates. The Recruitment programs like South Indian Bank Recruitment 2013 want its future employees to have the will power to handle work pressure. If you go through the bank exam papers carefully, you should mark the fact that there are huge loads of questions that needs to be answered in comparatively less time. These exams not only judge the ability of the people appearing for the exams they also test their presence of mind, competitive nature and the zeal to give the best of performance even under pressure. None who panics by looking at the number of questions may be able to solve more of them.

Before appearing for a particular bank interview a person is advised to study about the banks history – how it could expand and what is the strategy behind its growth. Understanding these facts about the bank increases the probability of getting selected in personal interviews. Just go through the previous papers and mark the pattern. See which kind of questions you cant solve. This way, one can easily overcome ones shortcoming and will be able to crack recruitment exams. A periodic revision is also very important for people who want to crack bank exams. So never dare to ignore revision. One more important thing is that attitude matters. You might have cleared the written exam, but the interview and group discussion panel might reject you if you dont have the right professional attitude. Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Recruitment 2013 looks for this quality in a candidate.

When IBPS came into the scenario, many questions were asked regarding the effectiveness of a common written examination pattern. Overcoming each of these questions, IBPS Recruitment 2013 has become one of the most challenging exams in India. This exam has different sections and to be IBPS certified, a person needs to get a minimum score in all these sections. It is compulsory to attend all the sections but a person should concentrate more in a section, which he is best at, be it the English section, reasoning etc. It is important to remember that every second matters when a person is appearing for IBPS exam. Therefore proper management of time can take you one step forward. When a person gets good score in IPBS examination, he will be eligible for most of the bank recruitment programs.

Entrepreneur Success…What Does It Take

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An entrepreneur does many wonderful things. In fact, many people are amazed with how the entrepreneur’s mind works. But for some who have not taken the plunge, there is some wonderment….some real curiosity….and for some of us, even some questions about successful entrepreneurs morals and integrity….But for most onlookers there are two important questions to ask. How does an entrepreneur become successful? And most importantly, do you want to be a successful entrepreneur too?

First of all, an effective entrepreneur should have great ideas. And then you need to test those ideas…You have to research to be able to make an informed judgement about whether your business idea is feasible. It really is critical to do this investigation, and in many cases its not necessarily a tedious task…Once you have gathered all the needed information, you can decide whether to pursue the business idea now, or simply file it and do it in the future.

Sound Research

The projects undertaken by successful entrepreneurs are normally done in a very careful manner. Research about Demand is a very important aspect to help determine business feasibility. Saturated and established markets can be a big no for entrepreneurs because their aim is to earn more money. Entering a saturated market can be suicidal (unless you have a very unique selling proposition), because of the extreme competition.

If you want to become a successful entrepreneur, you have to work on some concepts such as ROI or return on investment, compounding capital, economy of scale, speed of business returns, and many others. You can’t work your way to success if you dont know these concepts. So you have to study and continue your learning. If you have the opportunity to study a business related course, do so. Gaining knowledge, skill and education, can only help you to succeed in the business world.

According to many expert entrepreneurs, education is not enough. As an entrepreneur, you must have the right attitude and qualities. Now what are these attitudes and qualities? Firstly, you have to be hard working. You have to be willing to work many hours of the day or night especially if you’re a beginner. Almost eighty percent of your time will be allotted for encouraging customers or subscribers. In the case of an internet business, you have to attract a lot of traffic to your site otherwise, your business will fail.

Secondly, you need to be a risk taker. Most entrepreneurs are not afraid to take risks. This does not mean that entrepreneurs enter the market with their eyes closed hoping for success. Entrepreneurs are willing to take risks especially if after a careful study they can see high chances of success. Not many individuals are willing to take risks because they are afraid to fail. But you see, an entrepreneur learns a lot from past failures. It’s all part of life and so you should not be scared. Its also important to be organized.